Author(s): Victoria V. Akberdina, Alyona S. Sergeeva
Abstract: The article summarises theoretical approaches to determining the median regions, their place and role in the territorial structure of the country and its socio-economic development. The basis of the approach proposed is multiple descriptions of a set of attributes, connections, and relationships, a holistic view of the region as a relatively stable part of the socio-economic space. To conduct an empirical study in Russia, 32 regions were selected, attributed to the category of the median regions by their geographical position. According to the approach, the list of verifiable median characteristics of the regions includes transit, polystructurality, scale, resource availability, gravity, population concentration, the role in ensuring national security, budget donation, the “pilot” character, the concentration of intellectual potential, low risks, high investment and innovation potential, high contact with neighbouring territories, and clustering. The results of the study suggest that the cumulative effect of the regional median position has a significant differentiation. Therefore, the authors can distinguish such types of median regions as integrators of the economic space, sustainable median regions, and developing median regions. Based on the topological attributes of median regions, the mission of median regions is justified. It is substantiated that the factor of the medianness of the region can be of key importance in regional policy only if this resource is used correctly in program activities, regional development strategies and regional policy of the state.
Keywords: median region, regional structure, topological attributes, cumulative effect, socio-economic space
DOI: 10.37394/23207.2021.18.18WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1109-9526 / 2224-2899, Volume 18, 2021, Art. #18