Granger Causality Analysi̇s of Forei̇gn Trade İmpact on Economi̇c Growth and Some Socioeconomic Indicators: Case of Azerbaijan
Author(s): Gulaliyev G. Mayis, Bayramov V. Shahin, Guliyeva T. Shafa, Alikhanli J. Yegana, Orujova S. Mehpare
Abstract: The main purpose of the investigation is to define the existence of the causality relationship between foreign trade and some macroeconomic indicators in Azerbaijan. There was used OLS and cointegration methods, as well as Granger causality between these indicators. The main conclusion is that there is not a causality effect between import and GDP. As well as there is a causality effect between GDP and export. But there is not a strong causality effect between foreign trade openness, foreign trade freedom, and GDP. As well as the paper investigates the impact of import, export, and their annual changing on household income. For this purpose, the Dickey-Fuller test and Granger causality tests were applied. The authors come to the conclusion that there is no causal relationship between foreign trade indicators and poverty rate, but there is such a relationship between foreign trade indicators and household income.