WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics
Print ISSN: 1109-9526, E-ISSN: 2224-2899
Volume 14, 2017
Factor Effects on Rural Income Concentration in Brazil
Authors: Geraldo da Silva e Souza, Eliane Gonçalves Gomes, Eliseu Roberto de Andrade Alves
Abstract: In recent studies it was suggest strong rural income dispersion in Brazil, a fact that was also observed in other countries. In this article, aiming at analyzing the rural income dispersion in Brazil, we fit econometric regression models using the Gini index as the dependent variable, technology, and environmental, social and demographic indices as independent variables. The analysis is performed on a regional basis. The statistical approach uses fractional regression and generalized method of moments (GMM). The technological variable crystallizes the production process. This is a data envelopment analysis measure of technical efficiency. The production process uses county data collected from the Brazilian Agricultural Census of 2006. Technology is significant and dominates the relationship in all regions. The other covariates vary in regional intensity.