WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics
Print ISSN: 1109-9526, E-ISSN: 2224-2899
Volume 17, 2020
The worldview and values – analysing relations
Authors: Mirosława Czerniawska, Joanna Szydło
Abstract: The described study serves as a basis for analysing relationships between two constructs: a worldview and values. In case of the former one, three types of worldview are considered: traditional, modern and postmodern (the Borowiak Questionnaire “How do you view yourself and the world around you?”). For the latter, the article refers to the Schwartz circular model of values: 19 values are located in two bipolar dimensions: conservation – openness to change and self-transcendence – self-enhancement (the Schwartz Portrait Value Questionnaire – PVQ-R3). Values were also classified into collective and individual types. The study involved 368 people. The aim was to find an answer to the question: which values are associated with the indicated worldviews? It appeared that collective values (the pole conservation and partially self-transcendence) were connected with the traditional worldview, individual values (the pole openness to change and partially self-enhancement and self-transcendence) – with modern and postmodern worldviews. The indicated regularities do not concern two individual values – “hedonism” and “achievement”, where the correlations with the postmodern worldview were not statistically significant.
Keywords: traditional, modern, post-modern worldview, values, the Schwartz model
DOI: 10.37394/23207.2020.17.58WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1109-9526 / 2224-2899, Volume 17, 2020, Art. #58